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【美国医学界首次报道】:三氧疗法治愈三例重度Covid-19患者

2020-09-15 17:30:48 admin 1

今日在美国医学在线新闻(MEDPAGE)上发表的一篇新文章报道了三例接受三氧治疗的重度Covid-19肺炎患者的病情得到了彻底而迅速的恢复。

三氧疗法在欧洲广泛使用,并且在治愈Covid-19患者方面取得了令人难以置信的成功。

这是美国第一篇有关三氧疗法对Covid-19的益处的发表文章,文章引用了发表在《美国案例报告杂志》临床案例。

小编将发表在《美国案例报告杂志》文献编译分享。

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氧气-三氧疗法在治疗COVID-19肺炎中的潜在作用

阿尔贝托·埃尔南德斯(AlbertoHernández),蒙特塞拉特·维纳尔斯(MontserratViñals),托马斯·伊西多罗(Tomas Isidoro),弗朗西斯科·维拉斯(FranciscoVilás)

(西班牙伊维萨岛Policlinica Ibiza医院麻醉科)

2020年Am J Case Rep;21:e925849 DOI:10.12659 / AJCR.925849

案例

患者:男性,49岁;男性,61岁;女性,64岁

最终诊断:COVID-19

症状:呼吸困难

药物治疗:-

临床过程:-

专科:感染性疾病 - 肺病学

Background

Ozone (O3 ) is a gas composed of 3 atoms of oxygen, including a stable pair (O2 ) and a third, unstable, atom, which gives ozone its beneficial effects. Medical ozone generators produce 1–5%ozone gas in 95–99% oxygen from pure oxygen. For medical purposes, concentrations of 10–70 μg/mL are commonly used. Ozone therapy can be administered systemically by adding it to a sample of a patient’s own blood and then reinfusing it, in what is termed “ozonated autohemotherapy.” When blood is exposed to this gas mixture (O2 –O3 ), oxygen equilibrates with the extracellular and intraerythrocytic water before becoming bound to hemoglobin until it is fully oxygenated; in contrast, ozone, which is about 10 times more soluble than oxygen, allows its immediate reaction with any soluble compounds and biomolecules present in biological fluids, readily dissolves in water, and reacts instantaneously with several biomolecules such as ascorbic acid, urate, free cysteine, glutathione molecules, and albumin thiol groups, and then disappears. The compounds generated during the reactions (reactive oxygen species and lipid ozonation products) are the “ozone messengers” and are responsible for its biological and therapeutic effects. O2 –O3 therapy has many beneficial effects, including inactivation of microorganisms such as viruses, modulation of the immune system, improvement of microcirculation, anti-inflammatory action stimulation of oxygen metabolism, and promotion of tissue oxygenation.

背景

三氧(O3)是一种由3个氧原子组成的气体,包括可稳定的对(O2)和第三个不稳定的原子,这使三氧具有有益的作用。医用臭氧发生器从95-99%的纯氧中产生1-5%的三氧气体。在医疗上,常用浓度为10-70μg/mL。三氧治疗可以通过将其加入到患者自身的血液样本中,然后再注入,即所谓的 "三氧自体血疗法",进行系统性的治疗。当血液暴露在这种混合气体(O2 -O3 )中时,氧气与细胞外和红细胞内的水平衡,然后与血红蛋白结合,直到完全含氧。相反,三氧的溶解度约为氧气的10倍,可使其立即与生物液中存在的任何可溶性化合物和生物分子发生反应,易溶于水,并与抗坏血酸、尿酸盐、游离半胱氨酸、谷胱甘肽分子和白蛋白硫醇基等几种生物分子瞬间反应,然后消失。反应过程中产生的化合物(活性氧和脂质三氧化产物)是 "三氧信使",是其生物和治疗作用的原因。

O2-O3疗法有许多有益的作用,包括灭活病毒等微生物,调节免疫系统,改善微循环,抗炎作用刺激氧代谢,促进组织氧合。

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Case Reports

Three patients presenting with severe COVID-19 pneumonia had marked and rapid clinical improvement after O2 –O3 therapy. Informed consent was obtained from all 3 patients. Ozonated autohemotherapy involved intravenous infusion of ozonated autologous whole blood. Initially, 200 mL of autologous whole blood was drawn from the antecubital vein into a standard plastic disposable blood collection bag (certified SANO3 bag) containing 35 mL of anticoagulant citrate dextrose solution. The blood was then enriched with 200 mL of gas mixture O2 –O3 with an ozone concentration of 40 μg/mL obtained using an Ozonobaric P Sedecal device, which is an ozone generator with CE0120 certificate type IIb. The ozonized blood was then slowly reinfused into the same vein over a period of approximately 10 min.

案例报告

3例出现重症COVID-19肺炎的患者,经过O2-O3治疗后,临床症状明显快速改善。3例患者均获得知情同意。起初,从肘中静脉抽取200 mL自体全血到标准的一次性塑料采血袋(抗氧化处理)中,内含35 mL抗凝剂(枸橼酸钠)。然后用200 mL的气体混合物O2 -O3富集血液,三氧浓度为40 μg/mL。充分混合后,将三氧化的血液缓慢地重新回输回同一静脉中。

Case 1

A 49-year-old man (body mass index [BMI] 31 kg/m2 ) presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with abdominal discomfort for 1 week and progressive shortness of breath during the previous day. On examination, the abdomen was soft and lax, with no distension noted. Chest auscultation revealed bilateral crackles with reduced air entry. A computed tomography (CT) of the chest–abdomen revealed bilateral lung infiltrates compatible with COVID-19 pneumonia (Figure 1).

案例1

一名49岁的男性(体重指数[BMI]31 kg/m2)因腹部不适1周,前一天出现进行性气促而到急诊科就诊。检查时,腹部柔软、松弛,未见腹胀。胸部听诊发现双侧裂纹,进气减少。胸腹CT显示双侧肺部浸润,符合COVID-19肺炎(图1)。

图8:C反应蛋白水平在三氧治疗开始后立即下降

Discussion

We report successful use of ozone therapy in 3 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia in terms of precluding the need for invasive ventilation and early discharge to home after 4–6 sessions of ozonated autohemotherapy. There is no currently available effective treatment for COVID-19 pneumonia. The pathogenesis of the virus is not fully understood, but the pathological picture in the lungs varies significantly in terms of diffuse alveolar damage and microcirculopathy leading to life-threatening hypoxia . Ozone has multiple beneficial properties that could be useful in treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia.

讨论

我们报道了3例COVID-19肺炎患者成功使用三氧治疗,在排除了有创通气的需要后,经过4-6个疗程的三氧自体血治疗后提前出院回家。目前对COVID-19肺炎尚无有效的治疗方法。该病毒的发病机制尚不完全清楚,但在肺部的病理表现差异很大,有弥漫性肺泡损伤和微循环病变,导致缺氧危及生命。三氧具有多种有益特性,可用于治疗COVID-19肺炎。

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Ozone can deliver sufficient energy and oxygen to the tissues through activating the pentose phosphate pathway, elevating 2,3-diphosphoglyceric acid content in erythrocytes, and stimulating erythrocyte oxygen metabolism . Furthermore, it improves the rheology and capillary action of the blood , which has been reported to be helpful for patients with ischemic vascular diseases . Additionally, ozone has an antiplatelet effect and increases release of some prostacyclins such as PGI2 , which are beneficial for patients with microthrombosis . All of these effects can help decrease the hypercoagulation phenomena observed in COVID-19 patients. Another important role played by ozone in COVID-19 is its immunomodulatory effects. The inflammatory response is a hallmark of severe infection, and cytokine modulation is key to avoid patient deterioration. Ozone has potent anti-inflammatory properties through modulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, which plays a crucial role in the initiation and persistence of inflammation in various diseases . Ozone can also confer renal protection; the rate of kidney damage in COVID patients is significant, and ozone modulates the accumulation of neutrophils locally, the expression of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, and albumin modified by ischemia in the kidneys, and increases local antioxidant capacity .

三氧可以通过激活磷酸戊糖途径,提高红细胞中2,3-二磷酸甘油酯含量,刺激红细胞氧代谢,为组织提供充足的能量和氧气。此外,它还能改善血液的流变性和毛细血管的作用,据报道对缺血性血管疾病患者有帮助。此外,三氧还具有抗血小板作用,增加一些前列环素的释放,如PGI2等,对微血栓形成患者有利。这些作用都有助于减少COVID-19患者观察到的高凝现象。三氧在COVID-19中发挥的另一个重要作用是其免疫调节作用。炎症反应是严重感染的标志,细胞因子的调节是避免患者恶化的关键。三氧通过调控NLRP3炎症体具有强效的抗炎作用,NLRP3炎症体在各种疾病炎症的启动和持续中起着至关重要的作用[9]。三氧还可以赋予肾脏保护功能,COVID患者肾脏损伤率显著,三氧可以调节肾脏局部中性粒细胞的积累、白细胞介素(IL)-6、肿瘤坏死因子(TNF)-a和缺血修饰的白蛋白的表达,增加局部抗氧化能力。

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The effectiveness of ozone against pathogens is well known. Ozone can induce the release and modulation of interferons (IFNs) and related cytokines, such as IL-2, IFN-g, and TNF, and colony-stimulating factors , and can also modulate and stimulate phagocytic function , which can have a very positive effect in COVID-19 infection. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2) is an entry receptor for COVID [16]; the virus’s spike protein attaches to an ACE-2 receptor on the cell surface, mediating virus fusion with and entry into the host cell . This receptor can be blocked by control of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), which regulates and blocks the activity of this receptor . Because ozone causes rapid Nrf2 activation , it seems very likely that this is an important physiological mechanism in blocking endogenous COVID-19 reduplication by preventing contact with this receptor.

三氧对病原体的有效性是众所周知的。三氧可诱导干扰素(IFNs)及相关细胞因子如IL-2、IFN-g、TNF等和菌落刺激因子的释放和调节,还可调节和刺激吞噬细胞功能,对COVID-19感染有非常积极的作用。血管紧张素转换酶2(ACE-2)是COVID的进入受体,病毒的穗蛋白附着在细胞表面的ACE-2受体上,介导病毒与宿主细胞融合并进入宿主细胞。通过控制核因子红细胞2相关因子2(Nrf2),可以调节和阻断该受体的活性。由于三氧会引起Nrf2的快速激活,似乎很有可能是通过阻止与该受体的接触来阻断内源性COVID-19还原的重要生理机制。

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Conclusions

O2 –O3 therapy appears to be effective in COVID-19 patients with severe respiratory failure; however, it is not yet an approved therapeutic technique. Large controlled clinical trials are required to study the efficacy and safety of using O2 –O3 therapy compared with standard supportive care in patients with COVID-19 in terms of the need for invasive ventilation and length of hospital and ICU stays.

结论

O2-O3疗法似乎对COVID-19严重呼吸衰竭患者有效,但它还不是一种被批准的治疗技术。需要进行大规模的对照临床试验,以研究在COVID-19患者中使用O2-O3疗法与标准支持性护理相比,在有创通气的需要和住院及ICU住院时间方面的有效性和安全性。

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